Shedding Light on Ubuntu Directories
If you are a Windows user, it will be very difficult to understand the structure of Ubuntu directories as they look so different. The fact is that everything in the Ubuntu operating system is kept under these directories and you will not see partitions visible. Unless you are well versed in Ubuntu, it will seem very confusing as the structure may seem very complex. The following will help you to make sense of these.
Common Features of the Directories
The /bin directory has the executable files needed to run the OS like sudo, prep and so on. All of these files can be accessed from the system level and by all users. The /boot directory on the other hand, is the container for all the files required to boot the operating system and are very vital. This directory includes among others bootloader configuration, ramdisk image and kernel files. Unless you are an experienced programmer, it is recommended that you stay out of this folder
The /dev directory is tasked with keeping an eye on the peripheral devices that are hooked up to your system. This includes the video card, hard disk, sound card, memory sticks and so on. Again, it is recommended that you stay away from this directory and not tamper with it.
The Etc directory is the repository for all the configuration files that are utilized for all the settings you make on the OS. The home directory on the other hand, is where your documents re stored, like the My Documents in Windows. All users on the system will have their own sub-directory at the home where they can place all their personal files and data.
Other Directories on the Operating System
The /lib directory is the storage area for all the shared resource and libraries used by your applications. The /media directory on the other hand, is utilized as a mounting point when hooking up to a USB device like a camera and pen drives. The /mnt directory is another mounting point used if your computer has other file systems. For example, the Windows FAT32 can be mounted here.
The Opt directory holds all the optional software or additional programs / packages that you want to install. The /proc directory meanwhile, holds the operating system’s current status. This is virtual and resides in the memory and not in physical space. This can only be accessed by the computer administrator. On the other hand, the /sbin directory has numerous commands that allow you to make changes to the system. The /sys on the other hand, keeps the files that are connected to the PnP parts.
What is Ubuntu?
This is an operating system that is freely available for download. The software is not just powerful but easy to use and can be used for Mac and IBM PC computers. The OS currently has more than a thousand applications. The program covers every kind of software you may want such as word processing, spreadsheet, presentations, photo editing browsers, email software and so on.
While the Ubuntu directories are complex, you can learn them with patience. Once you get the hang of it, you will be surprised at how versatile the operating system can be. It will also go a long way towards helping you understand why it is so popular now among many users.
Dick is a free lancer writer of http://www.techiesguide.com/