Various Approaches and Styles of Floral Arrangements
Floral are the most beautiful creatures that Mother Nature has offered us. They do not just smell good, but bring out several emotions in our hearts. Their serene beauty fills our hearts with joy and happiness. Flowers form an integral part of our lives and daily rituals. They fulfil our cultural and aesthetic needs. Flowers are naturally occurring beautiful blossoms. However, their beauty can be multiplied with flower art and floral arrangements. Floral arrangement is an art of enhancing flowers’ beauty in an artistic way. Floral arrangements play an important role in enhancing the ambience of any occasion such as parties, weddings; birthday, festivals or any of the events that come in our life.
Flower arrangement is basically an art of organizing a variety of colours and designs that create a floral ambience with the use of foliages, flowers, petals, and any other flower accessories. Not only are flowers used for the purpose of decorating special occasion, but a simple vase put on a dining table or kitchen table plays an equally important role by creating its own charm and blossom. So, we can say that floral arrangements are not reserved for any specific purpose, but can be used elsewhere to create beautiful surrounding. Floral arrangements are used both in offices and at homes. The scale can range from putting a simple bouquet or bunch of flowers in a vase to a large scale dried flower arrangements. These arrangements can be executed by using fresh flowers or artificial and dried flowers as well.
Origin of Flower designs
Floral arrangement originated from China. It was Chinese who first evolved the idea of floral designs by putting water in the bunch of flowers in the container. Along with Chinese people, folks from different parts of world were creating garlands, wreathes and boutonniere. Japanese folk grasped the ideology of combing flowers with water from China. Japan showed a huge enthusiasm and welcomed this art with such inspirations that it gave birth to several schools of floral art and arrangements. Several artists emerged who mastered the art of floral designs and philosophies. The art soon became popular and spread out to different continent across the world. Today it is the Japanese approach to flower art that has come into existence as the most popular and conventional art. Japanese culture was the first that expended this practice and transcended it into devotional functions and has inspired several contemplations.
Different Styles and Approaches to Floral Arrangements
- Broadly speaking there exist three major styles of floral design and art philosophies which are followed and used across the world in various culture. They are:
- Oriental/Eastern Flower Arrangements: This approach emphasis on the linen patterns in floral arrangement.
- Western/Traditional Flower Arrangements: This style of flower art emphasises on the use of a variety of flowers en mass.
- Modern Floral Arrangements: This style of floral design is a free flowing approach. There are no specific rules to be followed under this style. These styles are solely based on personal preferences and taste of designer. This style is closer to Oriental approach than Traditional approach. The art is more inclined towards the importance of creating floral lines.
Flower Arrangement Principles
Although floral arrangements and designs are a group of numerous principles encompassing several rules and ideology, there are six essential principles that needs to be carried out. These principles are
- Design: This principle is the key factor in deciding structural pattern for floral arrangement. Design provides a visual plan regarding the shape and size of floral arrangement. The designs are basically determined by occasion, location and the usage of material available.
- Balance: The principle emphasizes the usage of material in floral designs and art so as to give stability and strength to the overall structure of floral arrangement. Colour and form of floral arrangement are the two key elements of principle of balance in this art. The balance principle has been further divided into two types, namely; symmetrical and asymmetrical balance.
Symmetrical style: As the name suggest under this approach of balance, two sides are given equal volume of material on both sides of floral design.
Asymmetrical Balance: Either sides of arrangement are not given equal volume, but they still look visually equal. Dark colours are used in low proportions as it gives visual volume. Lighter tones of colours are used for outer portion of floral design.
- Scale: Proportions of components used with that of container’s size in flower art is decided by scale.
- Rhythm: This principle focuses on directing viewers along the arrangement. This helps understand the shape and composition properly.
- Focal Point: Central area of arrangement that gives the emergence to the foliage and flowers is called focal point. Dark coloured and larger flowers are used in focal point.
- Unity: the principle of unity emphasises on creating proper and balanced contrast to the container and blending the colourful flowers. It also judges the usage of right flowers for that particular occasion.
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